Growth as a data scientist will take on many forms and scale up several different paths depending on the function that you serve within your work environment. The learning curve as an early-stage Data Scientist will vary on several things such as your background education and knowledge, prior experiences within the field and industry, and whether you work within a team of data scientists, or as a standalone data scientist.
For myself, the learning curve was and continues to be steep and challenging. I began my career as a standalone data scientist for a start-up company, coming straight out of school and having very limited knowledge of the financial industry. All I had under my knowledge-base at the time was an in-depth understanding of the Logistic Regression, some economic analytical projects involving time-series, and a toolkit consisting of R and Microsoft Excel. Out of uplifting encouragement, I could of done more to add to my skill set before I started my job, but with what I knew, with an eagerness to learn, and with an immense curiosity, I had exactly what I needed to begin my career.
My role as a data scientist is to build and maintain proprietary credit scoring models, and provide adhoc analysis and reports upon request. There was already a whole list of challenges that I faced when I first started: a lack of appropriate credit scorecard building knowledge, a lack of knowledge on advanced data analytic techniques, verifying that my work met industry standards, and lacking the knowledge to closely monitor model effects.
These challenges pushed me to figure out the best practices and processes in the best way I thought possible. Here are some of the ways I went about addressing the challenges I faced during the start of my career.
Conducting Independent Research
My first gut instinct to approach a problem where you virtually have almost no background experience and no one to turn to for answers is to research! Having obtained a Master’s degree from a program that infused independent research heavily within its curriculum, this only came natural to me. For example, the most important thing in tackling a scorecard building project was first understanding its entirety and breaking it down into manageable and understandable pieces. It was extremely important to know why it is used, how it is used, and how it will benefit my company’s operations.
What often happened throughout my research was that I would find complex solutions that were difficult to implement without advanced enterprise software or advanced programming knowledge, or I would find solutions that seemed too easy and not convincing enough to use. This process of researching and attempting to reproduce certain projects on the internet definitely increased my technical understanding and in many ways helped me boost my proficiency in R. Along the way, I even picked up some Python and I also learned to how to write queries in Microsoft SQL Server and MySQL to better streamline my data and model building processes.
Another challenge was ensuring that the credit scoring models were built following best practices within the financial industry. This was a little more difficult for two reasons. The first one being that a scorecard for an alternative business-lending company would differ immensely from the more common scorecards developed in the industry such as that for personal loans. Secondly, the modelling practices for alternative subprime business-lending is still relatively new with the emergence of these industries stemming back since the 2008 Financial Crisis. Therefore, research is limited and most ideas behind these driving forces are mostly proprietary.
To overcome this challenge, I engaged in some more internet research, but more importantly, I networked with industry professionals and took what I could from my discussions with them. Most of our discussions involved understanding what techniques were used widely in the industry. During this time, LinkedIN, and my personal connections contributed to my learning of overcoming this challenge. I learned to set up interactions with professionals online as well learned to generate and connect ideas between professionals within my own work.
Engaging in Trial and Error
At first, there is high pressure when you first start as a data scientist with expectations of completing your projects within specified deadlines. The scorecard was my very first project and with the limited knowledge that I had, I was almost forced into a situation of trial and error. Initially, my practices involved researching and building in an endless cycle, where I often updated the scorecard to meet new standards and practices I learned along the way. At the time, there was very little internal user feedback on the scorecard because it was assumed that it was performing exactly the way it should be. It was essential that through this trial and error process that there was constant communication and understanding among the company in order to continue building a robust scorecard. Here, I learned a lot about not only the technical side of model building, but also found that my role as a standalone data scientist has a unique place within the operational team.
Being Prepared and Building Confidence
No data science problems at high levels of technicality and knowledge can be solved so easily. As a standalone data scientist where you are mostly doing things on your own accord and expected to make educated executive decisions, you are bound to run into personal hurdles such as worries and frustrations. When something goes wrong with your models, you become the first person accountable which in many ways can be offsetting. I came to realize that all of these feelings were natural and it was perfectly fine!
In order to overcome this challenge, it was always in my best interest to be prepared to provide thorough answers to questions that the company asked me, and be able to address concerns. Whenever there was a problem or concern raised with the models I built, or the data analysis methodologies, I was always forward with a positive answer or came up with a solution. It was in my best interest to be accountable and honest with my abilities. This stemmed from the realization that I do not know everything, but I do want to learn to make sure I do my best work in order to help the company grow. With the appropriate communication among upper management and their moral support, these personal challenges slowly faded and I actually began to expedite my learning of more applied business data science.
What I appreciate the most about the early stages of my career is the amounts of learning that I have done and the huge amounts of growth I experienced as a person. With that said, the learning never ends as new modelling needs occur, data repositories grow with new data to be analyzed, and new modelling techniques and solutions are introduced with new technologies.
I know that as I continue along this career path, I am bound to learn some more programming, apply other predictive models, and conduct interesting kinds of analysis. With these ongoing changes within a fast-growing company, there is bound to be one problem solved with ten more problems arising. The best part of being in the early-stage of my career is that I know I still have a lot to learn, and as I move forward, I will anticipate the challenges ahead, and be more than happy to tackle them one step at a time.